The phenology and habitat requirements of Camassia quamash on the Flathead Indian Reservation.
Sashay S. Camel and Dr. Richard G. Everett
Salish Kootenai College, Pablo, Montana, Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes, Pablo, Montana.
This research describes Camassia quamash (Pursh), in terms of its phenological characteristics and habitat requirements of populations found on the Flathead Indian Reservation. A review of the literature regarding botanical characteristics provided the information on Camassia quamash. The classical research sources for the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal history of Camassia quamash came from the Salish Kootenai College D’Arcy McNickle Library as well as verbally from Confederated Salish and Kootenai elders. A list containing four areas with productive Camassia quamash populations within the boundaries of the Flathead Indian Reservation was constructed prior to going into the field. At each of the four sites, the researchers collected Geographic Positioning System (GPS) coordinates and other data including but not limited to, land‐use and invasive non‐native species. Today, the Confederated Salish & Kootenai Tribes still harvest Camassia quamash. Camassia quamash and its habitat have been reduced to disperse patches and more research is needed to identify areas that cultural resources, such as native plants, may require protection. Further investigations of Camassia on the Flathead Indian Reservation may provide useful data in future projects aimed at restoring Camassia quamash to wetland restoration projects.